The whole of the building known as the Priory of St Mary, Lihou and surrounding area was listed as a Protected Monument on 26 March 1938, reference PM236. [11]:189 However, the Royal Court of Guernsey ruled in favour of the islanders in 1821, with the effect that permission to harvest seaweed on Lihou was granted to inhabitants of the parishes of St Peters and St Saviours. [5] The name could have developed from the Breton words lydd or ligg, which means in or near water. Records suggest considerable activity as early as the beginning of the nineteenth century. [12] The name is also attested further afield, in a number of other countries such as Australia, where for example, Sergeant James Lihou, the son of a migrant from Guernsey, enlisted in the Australian forces in 1916 and was killed in action in 1918 in France. [29] Lihou and the nearby Neolithic tombs were traditionally believed to have been meeting places for local witches,[27][30] and fairies. The Bailiwick of Guernsey consists of the Islands of Guernsey, Herm, Sark and Alderney, plus the smaller islands of Lihou, Jethou and Brechou. The population growth rate is 0.775% with 9.62 births/1,000 population, 8 deaths/1,000 population, and annual net migration of 6.07/1,000 population. The “sister islands” of Sark, Herm, Alderney, and Lihou are part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. [15]:5 Lihou is mainly composed of weathered rock below which are found granite and gneiss bedrock. [28] This led to conflict with church authorities,[31] especially when a priory was established on Lihou, dedicated to St. Mary (known locally as Our Lady of Lihou). [17], Two small islets, close to the island, called Lissroy and Lihoumel, are breeding places for a number of endangered species of birds, including Eurasian oystercatchers and common ringed plovers. Agriculture and farming were once very important to Guernsey’s economy and the island is still famous for its excellent dairy herd. The total area of Guernsey is 30 square miles (78 square kilometres). The most Lihou families were found in the UK in 1891. The Island has an area of approximately 24 square miles with a population of just over 60,000. This was about 91% of all the recorded Lihou's in the UK. [6] Historically, there have also been a number of alternative forms of the name including Lihoumel, which was attested as early as the twelfth century,[7]:310[8]:61 and Lehowe, which was mentioned in the sixteenth century. [4] Apart from shingle beaches, the island has a 20 m (66 ft) high ridge running approximately north–south. [11]:189 In a book published in the same year, William Berry noted the presence of an "iron hook of a gate hinge" on some rocks, approximately three miles out at sea from Lihou, along with the remains of old roads, and surmised that Lihou may have been significantly larger in the past but that the sea had eroded a considerable portion. [5][40], The economic mainstay of the island is now ecological tourism, based around the farmhouse, which is operated by the Lihou Charitable Trust, although overall responsibility for the island remains with the Environment Department of the States of Guernsey. [32]:137 A number of dates have been suggested for the establishment of the priory, with estimates ranging from as early as 1114,[5][7]:321[8]:68 to as late as 1156. As 2012, this county is divided to 8 towns and 16 townships. The Guernsey Environment Department does not allow visitors to go to the two islets and the shingle bank at certain times of the year in order to allow the birds to breed. [14], Lihou is the furthest west of the Channel Islands and at low tide it is linked to the nearby L'Erée headland, on Guernsey, by a 400 m (1,300 ft) stone causeway. [5][40], The economic mainstay of the island is now ecological tourism, based around the farmhouse, which is operated by the Lihou Charitable Trust, although overall responsibility for the island remains with the Environment Department of the States of Guernsey. [36]:127 In 1961, Lieutenant-Colonel Patrick Wootton purchased Lihou. [5], During World War II, the Channel Islands were occupied by the Germans from 1940 to 1945, and Lihou was used for target practice by the German artillery,[4] causing the farmhouse to collapse completely. Wootton had plans to develop the island, beginning in the following year first by clearing the area of the old farmhouse, in preparation for the building of a new farmhouse, with construction work continuing into 1963. Lihou (/ˈliːuː/) is a small tidal island located just off the west coast of the island of Guernsey, in the English Channel, between Great Britain and France. The capital is St Peter Port which has an area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 square kilometres) and a population of 18,207 (2014). [36]:172 In 1983 Wootton decided to emigrate to Prince Edward Island, in Canada, and the island was sold to Robin and Patricia Borwick. The history of Lihou is closely linked to the history of Guernsey in particular and the Channel Islands in general. Get up-to-date current local time in Lihou which includes the current day of week and date. [36]:127 In 1961, Lieutenant-Colonel Patrick Wootton purchased Lihou. Lihou (/ˈliːuː/) is a small tidal island located just off the west coast of the island of Guernsey, in the English Channel, between Great Britain and France. Guernsey’s population was 67,052 in 2020. [18]:2[22][23] This has created a marine reserve for the extensive variety of wildlife including more than 200 species of seaweed on the shores of Lihou,[4][15][24] and more than 150 species of birds observed in the area.[25]. 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